Cultivation Tips – Companion Planting Guide & Plant List

A mixed vegetable bed
A mixed vegetable bed

Companion Planting: Plants that help each other against pests, positively influence your growth and thus the harvest. Use the nutrients from the soil optimally.

These plants help each other against pests

Which vegetables are compatible in the bed?

The mixed culture in the garden only really makes sense if the plants are in a good neighborhood. Some plants, such as peas and potatoes, there´s no love lost between them. Therefore, within the mixed culture in your bed, you must make sure that the cultivated plants harmonize with each other. Mixed culture neighborhood plants complement each other in “above and below” – so they do not get into the enclosure with either the leaves or the root system. So each plant gets not only enough space but also the necessary nutrients.

Not only the neighborhood within a mixed culture is important, but also the fundamental intolerance of some species among themselves. Some plant genera do not tolerate each other at all. In addition to plants of the mustard family and of the order Umbelliflorae, they also include the legume/bean family. Between these plants you should therefore keep sufficient distance, so they can develop optimally. In addition, you should pay attention in your mixed culture that some plants grow poorly if the preculture consisted of “bad neighbors”.

Also in relation to the mixed culture, there are always contradictory information. For example, the “famous” partnership between onions and carrots. Even if it is said over and over again that they get each other pests off one´s neck, they are still not really good neighbors in the mixed culture. The reason for this is that onions and carrots have different demands on the amount of water. While carrots need quite a bit of water in late summer and even in autumn, onions on the other hand tend to need less during this time. Because onions that are to be stored, need less water, so that the leaves can dry. Ideal, in the need for water, as a neighbor in the mixed culture for the carrots would be leek. But many gardeners still have good experiences with carrots and onions side by side. Often, this also depends on the soil itself or both vegetables were grown on a raised bed, for example.

Mixed culture: good neighbors, bad neighbors


Good neighbors: Chives, Horsetail (Equisetum), Foxgloves, Wallflowers Nasturtiums, Garlic, Onions

Bad neighbors: Grass, Potatoes


Good neighbors: Basil, Tansy, Southernwood

Bad neighbors: Tomatoes, Sage


Good neighbors: Tomatoes, Parsley, Basil


Good neighbors: Tomatoes, Asparagus, Parsley, Apricots

Bad neighbors:

Bush Beans

Good neighbors: savory, strawberries, dill, cucumber, potatoes, cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce and leaf lettuce, chard, radish, radish, rhubarb, beetroot, celery, tomatoes

Bad neighbors: peas, fennel, garlic, leeks, onions

Broad Beans

Good neighbors: Potatoes, Sweetcorn, Dill

Dwarf Beans

Good neighbors: Beetroot, Brassicas, Carrots, Cucumbers, Dill, Lettuce, Potatoes, Radish, Spinach, Sweetcorn, Strawberry, Summer Savory

Bad neighbors: Onions, Garlic, Fennel, Gladioli, Sunflowers, Kohlrabi

Runner beans

Good neighbors: endives, cucumbers, cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce, radishes, radish, celery, spinach, zucchini

Bad neighbors: peas, garlic, leeks, onions


Good neighbors: Onions, Silverbeet, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Cabbage, bush beans, savory, dill, cucumber, garlic, lettuce and leaf lettuce, onions

Bad neighbors: potatoes, leeks, carrots, leeks, spinach

Black Salsify

Good neighbors: beans, kohlrabi, leek, lettuce and leaf lettuce


Good neighbors: Strawberries

Brussels Sprouts

Good neighbors: Beans (Dwarf), Beetroot, Celery, Cucumber, Onions, Rhubarb, Chamomile, Dill, Oregano, Sage, Marigold, Nasturtium, peas, radish, spinach, potatoes

Bad neighbors: Strawberries,leeks, radishes, onions, Chives


Good neighbors: Beans (Dwarf), Beetroot, Celery, Cucumber, Onions, Rhubarb, Chamomile, Dill, Oregano, Sage, Marigold, Nasturtium

Bad neighbors: Strawberries


Good neighbors: Beetroot. Celery, Mint, Thyme, Sage, Onions, Rosemary, potatoes, chamomile, Oregano, Hyssop, Southernwood, Nasturtium, Tansy, Coriander, bush beans, dill, endives, peas, lettuce and leaf lettuce, leek, chard, radish, rhubarb, beetroot, celery, spinach, runner beans

Bad neighbors: Rue, Strawberries, Tomatoes, Garlic

Capsicum (Sweet Peppers) / Paprika

Good neighbors: Amaranth, Basil, Beans (Dwarf), Carrots, Lovage, Marjoram, Okra, Parsley, Geraniums, cucumbers, cabbage, carrots, tomatoes

Bad neighbors: Fennel, Kohlrabi, Tomatoes, peas, beetroot


Good neighbors: Peas, Lettuce, Chives, Sage, dill, garlic, lettuce and leaf lettuce, leek, chard, leek, radish, chives, tomatoes, onions

Bad neighbors: beetroot


Bad neighbors: Hyacinths


Good neighbors: Celery. Beans, Tansy, Nasturtiums, bush beans, endives, peas, cucumbers, beetroot, celery, spinach

Bad neighbors: Strawberries, potatoes, cabbage, garlic, leek, rhubarb, chives, onions


Good neighbors: Tomatoes, dill, Leeks, Cabbage, Cauliflowers, bush beans, cucumbers, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, runner beans, tomatoes

Bad neighbors: potatoes, lettuce


Good neighbors: Mint, Cabbages, Onions


Good neighbors: bush beans, cabbage, carrots, radish


Good neighbors: Dill, Coriander, Radish

Chilli (Hot Peppers)

Good neighbors: Basil, Oregano, Parsley, Rosemary


Good neighbors: Parsley, Apples, Carrots, Tomatoes


Good neighbors: Guava


Good neighbors: Dill, Chervil, Anise, Cabbages, Carrots

Bad neighbors: Fennel


Good neighbors: Potatoes (early crop only), Beans, Celery, Lettuce, Sweet Corn, Savoy Cabbages, Sunflowers, Nasturtiums, dill, peas, fennel, cabbage, cumin, leek, beetroot, celery, onions

Bad neighbors: potatoes, radish, tomatoes


Good neighbors: bush beans, peas, cucumbers, cabbage, lettuce and leaf lettuce, carrots, beetroot, onions, Parsley


Good neighbors: fennel, cabbage, leek, runner beans


Good neighbors: Dill, endives, peas, lamb’s lettuce, cucumbers, lettuce and leaf lettuce, celery

Bad neighbors: Bush Beans, Tomatoes, Kohlrabi, Coriander, Wormwood, runner beans


Good neighbors: Apples, Potatoes, Tomatoes


Good neighbors: Basil, Gooseberries, Tomatoes


Good neighbors: Roses, Apples, Peaches, strawberries, cucumbers, raspberries, potatoes, carrots, beetroot, celery, tomatoes

Bad neighbors: bush beans, peas, cabbage, runner beans, Strawberries


Good neighbors: Grapevines


GoBadd neighbors: Strawberries, Beans, Peas


Good neighbors: Geraniums, Mulberries, Hyssop, Basil, Tansy


Good neighbors: Citrus


Good neighbors: Fruit trees, Potatoes


Bad neighbors: Carnations


Good neighbors: Grapevines, Cabbages, Lavender

Bad neighbors: Radishes


Good neighbors: Beetroot, Onions, bush beans, peas, cucumbers, lettuce, leeks, radish, beetroot, black salsify, celery, spinach, runner beans, tomatoes, onions, Potatoes

Bad neighbors: Tomatoes, Beans, Fennel, Eggplants, potatoes, leek, Garlic, radishes, tomatoes, onions, Peas, cucumbers, pumpkins, beetroot, celery


Good neighbors: Hyssop


Good neighbors: endives, strawberries, cucumbers, cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce, carrots, celery, tomatoes

Bad neighbors: bush beans, peas, beetroot, runner beans

Lamb’s lettuce / mache

Good neighbors: strawberries, radishes, fennel

Lemon balm

Good neighbors: herbs

Bad neighbors: basil


Good neighbors: Carrots, Onions, Strawberries, Beetroot, Marigolds, bush beans, savory, dill, peas, strawberries, cucumbers, cabbage, kohlrabi, leek, carrots, radish, rhubarb, black salsify, runner beans, tomatoes

Bad neighbors: Parsley, Celery


Good neighbors: Lettuce, Potatoes, Tomatoes, Roses, Beans


Good neighbors: Sweet Corn


Good neighbors: Cabbages, Chamomile

Bad neighbors: Parsley


Good neighbors: Apples, Cabbages, Cauliflowers, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Kohlrabi, Turnips, Radishes, Cucumbers, zucchini


Good neighbors: Carrots, Beetroot, Silverbeet, Lettuce, Chamomile, Kohlrabi, Summer Savory, dill, strawberries, lamb’s lettuce, cucumbers, kohlrabi, leeks, carrots, beetroot, celery, zucchini

Bad neighbors: bush beans, peas, potatoes, cabbage, radishes, radish, runner beans


Good neighbors: Cabbages, Sage


Good neighbors: Tomatoes, Asparagus, Roses, Chives, Dill

Bad neighbors: Potatoes


Good neighbors: Peas, Potatoes, Peppers, Beans, Radishes, Garlic

Bad neighbors: Carrots, Celery, Caraway


Good neighbors: Tansy, Garlic, Basil, Southernwood


Good neighbors: Grass


Good neighbors: dill, fennel, cucumber, cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce, carrots, radish, zucchini, Carrots, Turnips

Bad neighbors: bush beans, potatoes, leeks, runner beans, tomatoes, Onions, Shallots, Garlic, Gladioli


Good neighbors: Beans, Cabbage, Sweetcorn, Broad Beans, Green Beans, Nasturtiums, Marigolds, Foxgloves, Horse Radish, Egg Plant, garlic, kohlrabi, spinach

Bad neighbors: Peas, Apple, Cherries, Cucumbers, Pumpkins, Sunflowers, Tomatoes, Raspberries, Rosemary, cabbage, beetroot, celery, onions


Good neighbors: Potatoes

Bad neighbors: Sweetcorn


Good neighbors: bush beans, peas, kohlrabi, lettuce and leaf lettuce, chard, carrots, parsley, leek, spinach, runner beans, tomatoes, Chervil, Nasturtium

Bad neighbors: Hyssop, kale, cucumbers, cabbage, radish, brussels sprouts, onions


Good neighbors: garlic, tansy, turnip, yarrow

Bad neighbors: Blackberries, Potatoes


Good neighbors: bush beans, cabbage, lettuce and leaf lettuce, spinach


Good neighbors: Garlic, Parsley, Onions, Mignonette, Marigolds


Good neighbors: thyme


Bad neighbors: Sage, Basil


Good neighbors: Carrots, Cabbages, Strawberries, Oregano

Bad neighbors: Basil, Rue, Wormwood


Good neighbors: Onions, bush beans, lettuce and leaf lettuce, beetroot


Good neighbors: Beetroot, Parsnip Tomato, Lavender, Brassica (Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, etc.), Onion family (Chives, Garlic, Leeks, Onions, etc.), Lavender

Bad neighbors: Potatoes, Sweetcorn, Cucurbit family (Cucumbers, Gourds Melons Squash, etc .), most herbs


Good neighbors: Broad Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery, Eggplant, Onion, Peas, Strawberries, Santolina (Cotton Lavender), potatoes, cabbage, kohlrabi, radish, rhubarb, runner beans, tomatoes

Bad neighbors: beetroot


Good neighbors: Sunflowers, Sweetcorn


Good neighbors: Borage, Lettuce, Spinach, Sage, Pyrethrum, bush beans, garlic, leek, radish, chives, spinach, onions

Bad neighbors: Cabbages, Cauliflowers, Brussels Sprouts, Gladioli, Tomatoes, Broccoli, Garlic


Good neighbors: Squash, Cucumber

Bad neighbors: Potatoes


Good neighbors: Broad Beans, Potatoes, Melons, Tomatoes, Cucumber, Squash, Tansy


Good neighbors: Cabbage, Roses, Raspberries, Grapes, Peaches


Good neighbors: Cabbage family, Rosemary, Borage, Coriander, Fennel, Tarragon, Mediterranean herbs


Good neighbors: Asparagus, Celery, Parsley, Basil, Carrots, Chives, Marigolds, Foxgloves, Garlic, Sweetcorn, bush beans, cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce, peppers, parsley, celery, spinach, zucchini

Good neighbors: Rosemary, Potatoes, Kohlrabi, Fennel, Apricots, strawberries, dill, peas, cucumbers, potatoes


Good neighbors: Nasturtiums, Peas, Beans, Carrots, Chicory, Chives, Spinach

Bad neighbors: Potatoes, Tomatoes


Good neighbors: Apple


Bad neighbors: All other plants


Good neighbors: Nasturtiums, peas, runner beans, tomatoes, onions

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